General Information About Rome
HistoryRome, Italian Roma, historic city and capital of Roma provincia (province), of Lazio regione (region), and of the country of Italy. Rome is located in the central portion of the Italian peninsula, on the Tiber River about 15 miles (24 km) inland from the Tyrrhenian Sea. Once the capital of an ancient republic and empire whose armies and polity defined the Western world in antiquity and left seemingly indelible imprints thereafter, the spiritual and physical seat of the Roman Catholic Church, and the site of major pinnacles of artistic and intellectual achievement, Rome is the Eternal City, remaining today a political capital, a religious centre, and a memorial to the creative imagination of the past. For well over a millennium, Rome controlled the destiny of all civilization known to Europe, but then it fell into dissolution and disrepair. Physically mutilated, economically paralyzed, politically senile, and militarily impotent by the late Middle Ages, Rome nevertheless remained a world power—as an idea. The force of Rome the lawgiver, teacher, and builder continued to radiate throughout Europe. Although the situation of the popes from the 6th to the 15th century was often precarious, Rome knew glory as the fountainhead of Christianity and eventually won back its power and wealth and reestablished itself as a place of beauty, a source of learning, and a capital of the arts. Rome’s contemporary history reflects the long-standing tension between the spiritual power of the papacy and the political power of the Italian state capital. Rome was the last city-state to become part of a unified Italy, and it did so only under duress, after the invasion of Italian troops in 1870. The pope took refuge in the Vatican thereafter. Rome was made the capital of Italy (not without protests from Florence, which had been the capital since 1865), and the new state filled the city with ministries and barracks. Yet the Catholic church continued to reject Italian authority until a compromise was reached with Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini in 1929, when both Italy and Vatican City recognized the sovereignty of the other. Mussolini, meanwhile, created a cult of personality that challenged that of the pope himself, and his Fascist Party tried to re-create the glories of Rome’s imperial past through a massive public works program. Since Mussolini’s fall and the traumas of World War II, when the city was occupied by Germans, politics have continued to dominate Rome’s agenda—although regionalism began, in the 1980s, to devolve some political power away from the capital. Lagging behind Milan and Turin economically, Rome has maintained a peripheral place within the Italian and European economies. It also has been plagued with perennial housing shortages and traffic congestion. However, the late 20th and early 21st centuries brought increased efforts to resolve Rome’s infrastructural problems and to foster a Roman cultural revival. Indeed, ancient city walls still enclose much of the city centre, which is the area of Rome to which tourists flock. The so-called Servian Wall, named for the 6th-century-BCE Roman king Servius Tullius but built almost certainly 12 years after the Gauls’ destruction of Rome in 390 BCE, enclosed most of the Esquiline and Caelian hills and all of the other five. It was built into ramparts that dated at least from the early Roman Republic. Although Rome grew beyond the Servian defenses, no new wall was constructed until the emperor Aurelian began building in brick-faced concrete in 270 CE. Approximately 12.5 miles (20 km) long and girdling about 4 square miles (10 square km), the Aurelian Wall is still largely intact. Small as it is, the old city contains hundreds of hotels, more than 200 palazzi (palaces), several of the city’s major parks, the residence of the Italian president, the houses of parliament, offices of local and national government, and the great historical monuments, in addition to thousands of offices, restaurants, and bars. Many of the treasures of Rome no longer can be seen where they were placed originally, many can be seen only in other cities of the world, and many others still in Rome represent the spoils of conquest brought to the city from around the ancient world or the cannibalizing of one age or of one faith upon the creations of an earlier one. Rome was sacked first by the Gauls in 390 BCE and subsequently by the Visigoths in 410 CE, the Vandals in 455, the Normans in 1084, and troops of the Holy Roman emperor Charles V in 1527. Muslims laid it under siege in 846. The Great Fire of Rome—Nero’s fire—occurred in 64 CE, and fires and earthquakes ravaged individual buildings or whole areas fairly often over the millennia. But, of all these scourges, it was the stripping of the structures of antiquity for building materials, especially from the 9th century through the 16th, that destroyed more of Classical Rome than any other force. The heritage of the past that survives in Rome is nevertheless unsurpassed in any city of the West.
Rome NightlifeRome’s nightlife starts late. It is not unusual for locals to meet up for dinner around 9. 30 or even 10. After a big dinner, a long discussion will start ( for what it’ll seem like an eternity) about where to head to for the night. So be patient. You are going to need it in Rome, You’ll need it to decide where to go, where to park your car, what to order or to find that special spot. Having said that, you have to be aware of the fact that Rome is unique, even when it comes to nightlife and entertainment. She is different from any other capital in the world. And for a specific reason. There are surely loads of bars & pubs, clubs & disco spreaded all over the city( although, as we’ll see, some areas offer a higher concentration of possibilities) but the best way to enjoy the culture, vibe and spirit of the city is outdoor. As the weather is mild here for most part of the year, every square turns often into a big outdoor bar. The locals love their evening ”passeggiata” and to stroll around the cobble stoned streets( just for your info, cobble stones streets are dangerous for the high heels, as the ladies know well), sipping a beer while chatting with friends just outside a pub or sitting at a table outside a cafe. This will allow them to practice one of the national sports here: seen and be seen. Take a walk at Campo De Fiori right before midnight and you can entertain yourself observing bunches of sleeked young man coming down from the suburbs to show themselves off and to try to chat up the foreign girls like modern( but harmless) predators. Something folkloristic and stereotyped maybe, but not so far from the truth. When the night is almost over and it’s time to go home, locals usually like to indulge in one of their favorite habits connected with the nightlife in Rome: they grab a “ cornetto”( croissant) and drink a hot cappuccino on the way back home. They stop in one of the coffee bars still open or in one of the ”cornetterie”( laboratory that produce those delicious sweet treats) spread all over in town( whose address is sometimes one of the city’s best kept secrets) and feast over a warm cornetto( plain, filled with jam, with custard cream, with nutella or honey) to say goodbye to the night. Piazza Navona and Via della Pace
Rome Cavalieri – Waldorf Astoria Hotel Rome Italy
Surrounded by its large Mediterranean gardens, Rome Cavalieri, A Waldorf Astoria Hotel offers views of Rome and the Vatican from its hilltop position in Montemario. It features spacious and luxurious rooms with balcony, and a 2500 m² wellness centre.